The Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) is a national public body, subject to the vigilance of the Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea. The Institute results from the merging of three former institutions: the Agency for Environmental Protection and Technical Services (APAT), the Central Institute for Scientific and Technological Research Applied to the Sea (ICRAM) and the National Institute for Wildlife(INFS).
ISPRA is the competent government authority for all tasks and scientific activities of national interest for the protection, enhancement and improvement of the environment, water resources, nature conservation, biodiversity and soil. The institute also supports regulatory activities of the Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea at national, European and international level, including regular reporting on the state of environment and on sustainable development indicators.

ISPRA coordinates the National System of Environment Protection Agencies of the 19 Regions and of the two autonomous provinces, through which it ensures the exchange of information and expertise for the improvement of environmental monitoring and inspections, as well as the knowledge on the state of the environment throughout the territory. ISPRA is also responsible for the development and operation of the Environmental Information and Monitoring System (SINAnet) and represents the Italian National Focal Point and the National Reference Centres for the European Environment Agency.

Fields of activities include EMAS, Ecolabel, air and water quality, waste data and policies, hydro geological risk, nuclear and industrial risks, electromagnetic fields, noise, environment and health, impact assessment of projects and plans (EIA; SEA) of national relevance, technical support to the
Integrated Environmental Authorization under IPPC Directive, environmental emergency management, metrology through ISPRA’s own labs, as well as communication and training. The Institute is also active in several EC projects, international activities and multilateral negotiation processes (GEO, GMES, INSPIRE…).

In the field of air pollution, GHG and Climate Change, ISPRA is in charge of preparing and submitting air emission inventories as required by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). The Agency also provides the necessary technical assistance to the Ministry of Environment (e.g. by coordinating the preparation of Italy’s National Communications to the UNFCCC, as well as managing the international inventory reviews).
ISPRA takes part in the most relevant international activities concerning emission inventories. Its research team contributed to the preparation of the “1996 IPCC revised guidelines on greenhouse gas inventories”, the IPCC “Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories” and the “EMEP-CORINAIR Emission Inventory Guidebook”.  Particularly, ISPRA is in charge of the preparation of the Italian Emission Inventory as well as the implementation, the maintenance and the development of the Italian Emissions Trading Registry.

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